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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie

Séminaire du lundi 24 juin 2013 à 10h30

IMPMC, Université P. et M. Curie, 4, Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris

Salle de conférence, 4e étage, Tour 22-23, Salle 1



Gordon E. Brown, Department of Geological & Environmental Sciences, Stanford University


Although minor in abundance, light actinides (Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm) are important environmental contaminants associated with anthropogenic activities. We discuss the abundance, production, and environmental sources of naturally occurring and some man-made light actinides. We review the aqueous speciation of U, Np, and Pu as a function of pH and Eh, their interaction with common inorganic and organic ligands in natural waters, and some of the common U-containing minerals. We also discuss the interaction of U, Np, Pu, and Am solution complexes with common Earth materials. Surface interactions can inhibit or enhance (e.g., colloid-facilitated transport) the dispersal of light actinides in the biosphere and in some cases (e.g., interaction with dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria, NOM, or Mn- and Fe-containing minerals) can modify the oxidation states and, consequently, the behavior of redox-sensitive light actinides (U, Np, and Pu). Finally, we review the speciation of U and Pu, their chemical transformations, and cleanup histories at several U.S. Department of Energy field sites that have been used to mill U ores, produce fissile materials for reactors and weapons, and store high-level nuclear waste from both civilian and defense operations.


Contact : Catherine Dreyfus (catherine.dreyfus @


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Cécile Duflot (cecile.duflot @ - 17/02/16

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Gestion financière

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L'IMPMC en chiffres

L'IMPMC compte environ 195 personnes dont :


  • 40 chercheurs CNRS
  • 46 enseignants-chercheurs
  • 19 ITA CNRS
  • 15 ITA non CNRS
  • 50 doctorants
  • 13 post-doctorants
  • 12 bénévoles


 Chiffres : janvier 2016