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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université/CNRS/IRD/MNHN


The knowledge of interiors of rocky planets of our solar system (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) is important for understanding their formation, present state, and evolution. The comprehension of differences and similarities in the internal constitution and processes will shed light on the origin and evolution of the solar system.

Space missions are invaluable to this planetary quest. Yet, only geodesy data so far provided constraints on planetary deep interiors. Seismic observations on planetary bodies other than Earth are currently limited to the Apollo records for the Moon. The main objective of the forthcoming InSight NASA Discovery mission is to place a seismometer on Mars to study its interior. However, the interpretation and full exploitation of geodesy and seismic data to produce accurate models of planetary structure and dynamics (internal convection and magnetic field generation) is critically hampered by the dearth of knowledge of key physical parameters (e.g. density, compressibility, thermal expansion, sound velocities, Grüneisen parameter, viscosity) of pertinent materials at relevant pressure and temperature conditions.

Thus the ERC PICKLE aims at developing techniques and methodologies, combining laboratory and synchrotron measurements, to acquire such physical properties at high pressure and temperature. In particular, we intend to measure sound velocities and acoustic attenuation of minerals and aggregates forming the mantle of telluric planets, as well as the phase diagram and melting curves of iron alloys forming their core. We will implement novel approaches to provide determination of thermo-elastic properties of solid and liquid Fe-alloys at pressure and temperature conditions of the cores of Mercury and Mars. Such information will be integrated together with geophysical data from space missions and Earth-based observations to infer accurate planetary models.

This five-years, interdisciplinary project will contribute to understand the processes that shaped the rocky planets of the inner solar system, addressing fundamental questions related to their past and present dynamics.

Cécile Duflot - 18/10/17

Traductions :

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    Que révèle la spectroscopie infrarouge des transformations post-mortem de l’os ?

    L’étude des fragments osseux prélevés sur les sites archéologiques ou paléontologiques présente de nombreuses applications, allant de la datation des squelettes à la reconstitution des paléoclimats en milieu continental. Dans ce contexte, la spectroscopie infrarouge par réflectance totale atténuée ...

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    Guillaume Fiquet (Guillaume.Fiquet @

    Directeur de l'institut

    33 +1 44 27 52 17


    Nalini Loret (Nalini.Loret @

    Attachée de direction

    33 +1 44 27 52 17


    Evancia Mahambou (evancia.mahambou @

    Gestion du personnel

    33 +1 44 27 74 99


    Danielle Raddas (cecile.duflot @

    Gestion financière

    33 +1 44 27 56 82


    Cécile Duflot (cecile.duflot @

    Chargée de communication

    33 +1 44 27 46 86


    Expertise de météorites


    Expertise de matériaux et minéraux


    Stages d'observation pour les 3e et les Seconde : (feriel.skouri-panet @


    Adresse postale

    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590

    Sorbonne Université - 4, place Jussieu - BC 115 - 75252 Paris Cedex 5


    Adresse physique

    Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie - UMR 7590 - Sorbonne Université - 4, place Jussieu - Tour 23 - Barre 22-23, 4e étage - 75252 Paris Cedex 5


    Adresse de livraison

    Accès : 7 quai Saint Bernard - 75005 Paris, Tour 22.

    Contact : Antonella Intili : Barre 22-23, 4e étage, pièce 420, 33 +1 44 27 25 61



    Fax : 33 +1 44 27 51 52

    L'IMPMC en chiffres

    L'IMPMC compte environ 195 personnes dont :


    • 40 chercheurs CNRS
    • 46 enseignants-chercheurs
    • 19 ITA CNRS
    • 15 ITA non CNRS
    • 50 doctorants
    • 13 post-doctorants
    • 12 bénévoles


     Chiffres : janvier 2016