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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
UMR 7590 - UPMC/CNRS/IRD/MNHN

ERC Calcyan

PI: Karim Benzerara (2012-2017)

 

Scanning electron microscopy image of an intracellularly calcifying cyanobacterial cell deposited on a filter with 200-nm wide pores. Ca-, Mg-, Sr- and Ba-carbonate inclusions appear as bright spheres.

© Karim Benzerara & Stefan Borensztajn

 

The core of this project is to provide a detailed picture of the new intracellular calcification process. This will be achieved by studying laboratory cultures of cyanobacteria, field samples of modern calcifying biofilms and ancient microbialites. Diverse tools from molecular biology and mineralogy will be used including confocal laser scanning microscopy, cryo-transmission electron microscopy and synchrotron-based x-ray spectromicroscopy. Altogether these techniques allow probing cell intracellular chemistry or precise speciation-sensitive chemical imaging of both minerals and organic molecules as well as the crystallographic study of mineral products at the nanometer-scale. This will help unveil the molecular and mineralogical mechanisms involved in cyanobacterial intracellular calcification, assess the phylogenetical diversity of these cyanobacteria and the preservability of their traces in ancient rocks.

 

Some additional infos can be found here

and in Couradeau E., Benzerara K. et al. 2012. Science 336 (6080), 459-462, for more details.

16/02/16

La pression pour contrôler le dopage électronique

Le contrôle du dopage dans les semi-conducteurs est à la base du fonctionnement des dispositifs électroniques actuels, constitués de structures hybrides MOS (métal, oxyde, semi-conducteur). L’évolution de ces structures est cependant limitée par le choix restreint des matériaux compatibles avec le silicium...

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Contact

Guillaume Fiquet (Guillaume.Fiquet @ impmc.upmc.fr)

Directeur de l'institut

33 +1 44 27 52 36

 

Nalini Loret (Nalini.Loret @ impmc.upmc.fr)

Attachée de direction

33 +1 44 27 52 17

 

Dany Thomas-Emery (danielle.thomas @ impmc.upmc.fr)

Gestion du personnel

33 +1 44 27 74 99

 

Danielle Raddas (cecile.duflot @ impmc.upmc.fr)

Gestion financière

33 +1 44 27 56 82

 

Cécile Duflot (cecile.duflot @ impmc.upmc.fr)

Chargée de communication

33 +1 44 27 46 86

 

Fax : 33 +1 44 27 51 52

Geobio Team @ IMPMC

The Geobio Team @ IMPMC brings together :

 - 10 permanent members

 - 3 postdoctoral fellows

 - 6 PhD students