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Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie

François Guyot


Scientific Expertise

  • Biomineralization
  • Mineralogy
  • Geochemistry, Biogeochemistry
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Mineral Physics


Analytical Skills

  • Electron microscopies (SEM and TEM)
  • Crystallography (X-ray Diffraction and Absorption)
  • Geochemical Modeling (Chess)

Contact Informations

Website : https://francoisguyot.org

Function and attachment

Professor MNHN





Professional Resume

  • Since 2017: Professor of Institut Universitaire de France (IUF)
  • 2014-2019: Deputy Director of IMPMC
  • Since 2013: Professor of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN Paris)
  • 1995-2013: Professor of Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP, France) - University Paris Diderot
  • 1996-2001: Professor of Institut Universitaire de France (IUF)
  • 1994-1995: Research Fellow at the Center for High Pressure Research, Stony Brook University, New York (USA)
  • 1990-1994: CNRS Researcher in mineralogy/geochemistry at IPGP (Paris, France)
  • 1988-1990: Research Assistant at the Center for High Pressure Research, Stony Brook University, New York (USA)
  • 1986-1988: Teaching Assistant at the École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris, France)


Educational Background

  • Habilitation à diriger des recherches (HDR) - Physical and Chemical Properties of Deep Earth Materials - 1993.
  • PhD. in Condensed Matter Physics, University Paris Curie & IPGP - 1988
  • Agregation in Physic and Chemistry Sciences - 1985


  • Total number of peer-reviewed scientific publications (July 2020): 242
  • Total number of citations in scientific journals (July 2020): 12009
  • H index (July 2020): 61
  • ResearcherID: C-3824-2016



2019-2020 publications


-      J‐A Hernandez, G Morard, M Guarguaglini, R Alonso‐Mori, A Benuzzi‐Mounaix, R Bolis, G Fiquet, E Galtier, AE Gleason, S Glenzer, F Guyot, B Ko, HJ Lee, WL Mao, B Nagler, N Ozaki, AK Schuster, SH Shim, T Vinci, A Ravasio (2020) Direct Observation of Shock‐Induced Disordering of Enstatite Below the Melting Temperature. Geophysical Research Letters, 47
-      Daval, D., Guyot, F., Bolotov, I.N. et al. Symbiotic cooperation between freshwater rock-boring bivalves and microorganisms promotes silicate bioerosion. Sci Rep 10, 13385 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70265-x

-       Thaïs Couasnon, Alexandre Gélabert, Georges Ona-Nguema, Sandrine Zanna, Bénédicte Ménez, François Guyot  (2019) Experimental assessment of occurrences and stability of lead-bearing minerals in bacterial biofilms Chemical Geology 505, 23-35 DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.11.023 

-       Vincent P. Milesi, Didier Jézéquel, Mathieu Debure, Pierre Cadeau, François Guyot, Gérard Sarazin, Francis Claret, Emmanuelle Vennin, Carine Chaduteau, Aurélien Virgone, Eric C. Gaucher and Magali Ader  Formation of magnesium-smectite during lacustrine carbonates early diagenesis: Study case of the volcanic crater lake Dziani Dzaha (Mayotte - Indian Ocean) (2019) SEDIMENTOLOGY Volume: 66 Issue: 3 Pages: 983-1001 DOI: 10.1111/sed.12531

-       E. Boulard, M. Harmand, F. Guyot, G. Lelong, G. Morard, D. Cabaret, S. Boccato, A. D. Rosa, R. Briggs, S. Pascarelli, G. Fiquet  (2019)  Ferrous Iron Under Oxygen - Rich Conditions in the Deep Mantle. Geophysical Research Letters 46, 3, 1348-1356, DOI: 10.1029/2019GL081922

-       R. Musella, S. Mazevet, and F. Guyot (2019) Physical properties of MgO at deep planetary conditions Physical Review B ,  99, 6 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.064110

-        Sébastien Dupraz , Bénédicte Ménez, and François Guyot (2019) Fast Determination of the Main Reduced Sulfur Species in Aquatic Systems by a Direct and Second-Derivative Spectrophotometric Method. Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2019, Article ID 1039487, https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1039487

-       Anne Perez, Stéphanie Rossano, Nicolas Trcera, Aurélie Verney-Carron, Céline Rommevaux, Chloé Fourdrin, Ana Carolina Agnello, David Huguenot, François Guyot (2019) Direct and indirect impact of the bacterial strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa on the dissolution of synthetic Fe(III)- and Fe(II)-bearing basaltic glasses Chemical Geology 523 (2019) 9–18

-       S. Mazevet, R. Musella, and F. Guyot (2019)  The fate of planetary cores in giant and ice-giant planets  Astronomy and Astrophysics A 631, L4, 1-6 (2019)  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201936288

-       R. Bolis , J.-A. Hernandez , V. Recoules, M. Guarguaglini , F. Dorchies , N. Jourdain, A. Ravasio, T. Vinci , E. Brambrink, N. Ozaki, J. Bouchet, F. Remus, R. Musella, S. Mazevet, N. J. Hartley , F. Guyot, and A. Benuzzi-Mounaix (2019) X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy study of warm dense MgO Phys. Plasmas 26, 112703-1 , 112703-6 (2019); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5105390

-       Edouard Alphandéry, Ahmed Idbaih, Clovis Adam, Jean‐Yves Delattre, Charlotte Schmitt, Florence Gazeau, François Guyot and Imène Chebbi (2019) Biodegraded magnetosomes with reduced size and heating power maintain a persistent activity against intracranial U87-Luc mouse GBM tumors J Nanobiotechnol 17:126 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12951-019-0555-2

-       Adrien Néri, François Guyot, Bruno Reynard, Christophe Sotin (2020) A carbonaceous chondrite and cometary origin for icy moons of Jupiter and Saturn. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 530, 115920

-       Arnaud Bouissonnié, Damien Daval, Franco̧is Guyot, and Philippe Ackerer (2020) The Dissolution Anisotropy of Pyroxenes: Experimental Validation of a Stochastic Dissolution Model Based on Enstatite Dissolution. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2020 124 (5), 3122-3140 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10824

-       Vincent P Milesi, Mathieu Debure, Nicolas CM Marty, Manuela Capano, Didier Jézéquel, Carl Steefel, Virgile Rouchon, Patrick Albéric, Edouard Bard, Gérard Sarazin, François Guyot, Aurélien Virgone, Éric C Gaucher, Magali Ader (2020) Early Diagenesis of Lacustrine Carbonates in Volcanic Settings: The Role of Magmatic CO2 (Lake Dziani Dzaha, Mayotte, Indian Ocean) ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 4 (3), 363-378

-       Sara Laporte, Fabio Pietrucci, François Guyot, A Marco Saitta (2020) Formic Acid Synthesis in a Water–Mineral System: Major Role of the Interface J. Phys. Chem. C, 124, 9, 5125–5131 ACSEarth Space Chem. 4, 3, 363–378

-       Clément Berny, Raphael Le Fèvre, François Guyot, Karine Blondeau, Christine Guizonne, Emilie Rousseau, Nicolas Bayan, Edouard Alphandéry (2020) A method for producing highly pure magnetosomes in large quantity for medical applications using Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1 magnetotactic bacteria amplified in minimal growth media. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 8, 16, 1-13

-       Eglantine Boulard, François Guyot, Guillaume Fiquet (2020) High‐Pressure Transformations and Stability of Ferromagnesite in the Earth's Mantle Carbon in Earth's Interior 105-113 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119508229.ch11

-       Jasmine S Berg, Arnaud Duverger, Laure Cordier, Christel Laberty-Robert, François Guyot, Jennyfer Miot (2020) Rapid pyritization in the presence of a sulfur/sulfate-reducing bacterial consortium. Sci Rep 10, 8264 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64990-6

-       Thaïs Couasnon, Damien Alloyeau, Bénédicte Ménez, François Guyot, Jean-Marc Ghigo, Alexandre Gélabert (2020) In situ monitoring of exopolymer-dependent Mn mineralization on bacterial surfaces Science Advances In press

-       Silvia Boccato, Raffaella Torchio, Simone Anzellini, Eglantine Boulard, François Guyot, Tetsuo Irifune, Marion Harmand, Innokenty Kantor, Francesca Miozzi, Paraskevas Parisiades, Angelika D Rosa, Daniele Antonangeli, Guillaume Morard (2020) Melting properties by X-ray absorption spectroscopy: common signatures in binary Fe–C, Fe–O, Fe–S and Fe–Si systems Scientific Reports 10,1, 1-13 


Research Interests


My main research interest is to better understand the behaviour, history and evolution of critical natural systems at the local environmental and global Earth scales, including their biological components by modeling their advanced thermodynamics. Determining these thermodynamics necessitates the knowledge of experimental analogs of these systems at the submicron scale through the structure of complex interfaces between different media (e.g.  biological and mineral), compositional gradients or deciphering phase assemblages in tiny experimental setups (e.g.  micro-reactors). For this I systematically apply visualization of these analog microsystems by electron microscopies and spectroscopic techniques.

I am currently applying these approaches to a main research project :

Life of Hyperthermophilic Microoganisms at extreme temperatures in higly mineralized environments. Implications for geochemical cycles, for search of life limits on Earth and in other planets and for discussions about the conditions of emergence of life 

In parallel, I am participating to several research projects with similar objectives and using the same scientific skills in the fields of

  • High-pressure mineralogy of planetary interiors,
  • Thermodynamics of  biomineralization by prokaryotic microorganisms 
  • Environmental biomineralogy with special emphasis on hydrogen production and consumption by microorganisms,
  • Medical biomineralogy with special emphasis on interactions between minerals and macro-organisms.



July 2020, Models of experiments of phosphate release associated to microbially-induced iron sulfide precipitations (FeS, Fe3S4 greigite, FeS2 pyrite) published in Jasmine S Berg, Arnaud Duverger, Laure Cordier, Christel Laberty-Robert, François Guyot, Jennyfer Miot (2020) Rapid pyritization in the presence of a sulfur/sulfate-reducing bacterial consortium. Sci Rep 10, 8264 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-64990-6 and to be submitted soon in the cases of  a model mesophilic sulfato-reductive metabolism (Arnaud Duverger et al) and an hyperthermophilic sulfur reducing metabolism (Aurore Gorlas et al)




List of Members / Research Projects / Publications


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