IMPMC, a multidisciplinary laboratory
The "Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie" is a joint research unit of CNRSuniversité Pierre et Marie Curie-Sorbonne-UniversitésIRDand Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Researchers in physics, biology and mineralogy are gathered at IMPMC to elucidate the structure of materials, investigate their properties, their connection to micro-organisms,... The laboratory is operated by about 70 researchers and researchers-teachers and 30 technical and administrative staff members.
FIB © Laurent Ardhuin pour l'UPMC
Some examples of research domains investigated at IMPMC:
- Natural and artificial magnetic nanoparticles, XMCD - Impurities in natural and synthetic minerals, archeomaterials
- Prediction of physical properties of materials using first principles calculations of electronic properties
- Synthesis and studies of structural and dynamic properties of complex materials
- Physical properties of condensed matter under extreme conditions
- Structure and elastic properties of geophysical materials under extreme conditions
- Studies of (bio)geochemical cycles of major and trace metallic elements at the Earth’s surface with special emphasis on the role of minerals.
- Studies of mechanisms of mineral transformations induced by micro-organisms.
- Studies of short range (2-5 Å) and medium range (5-20 Å) in synthetic and geological glasses and melts
- Theoretical study and modeling of protein folding.
- Structural studies of macromolecular assemblages.
- Study of the biological role of inner shells ionization of DNA. Studies of fragmentations of molecules and agregates of biological interest.
The laboratory owns high performance instruments: chromatographs, spectrometers, diffractometers, scanning and transmisson electron microscopes, …. See tag at "Equipements" and in tabs of research teams.
The laboratory has several industrial collaborations,especially with glass and pharmaceutical companies.
1350 crystals are on view at Collection de minéraux (on the Jussieu campus) out of the 15 000 owned by the Collection. Those minerals are useful to both teaching and research.
IMPMC is integrated in the physics department Physics et Earth, environment and biodviersit at UPMC (Université Pierre et Marie Curie) and in the History of Earth department of the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.